Collagen – What is Collagen?
There have been 28 types of collagen found in the human body. It is the most abundant protein found in humans and it is the second most common substance found in the body with the first being water. Without collagen humans wouldn’t exist. When it comes to our bones, collagen is just as important as calcium, since it is the collagen that glues the bones together.
Collagen occurs in many places throughout the body. Over 90% of the collagen in the body however is of type I.
The five most common types are:
- I: skin, tendon, vascular ligature, organs, bone (main component of the organic part of bone)
- II: cartilage(main component of cartilage)
- III: reticulate (main component of reticular fibers), commonly found alongside type I.
- IV: forms bases of cell basement membrane
- V: cell surfaces, hair and nails
Related diseases most commonly arise from genetic defects or nutritional deficiencies that affect the biosynthesis, assembly and processes involved in normal collagen production.
It is even found in your eyes as well as being the major component of membranes that surround and protect the internal organs and blood vessels. A tendon for example is just millions of collagen strands together. It also protects structures like the skin by preventing absorption and spreading of pathogenic substances, environmental toxins, micro-organisms and cancerous cells.
Collagen breakdown is greatly affected by different factors with the sun being the most damaging. Other factors which are harmful to collagen include smoking and alchohol consumption which affects collagen causing it to breakdown and be destroyed. If one has a bad lifestyle, does not exercise and isn’t eating the right diet this also leads to the natural breakdown and accelerated loss of collagen within the body.
A unique cell called the fibroblast is the most common cell which creates collagen, which contrary to belief cannot be stimulated by products claiming to have collagen stimulating ingredients in them. Consumers spend billions of dollars every year on these products without even fully understanding that they would need to penetrate through 4 to 5 layers of the epedermis where the fibroblasts are found.
Around the age of 25 to 30 we start to lose 1.5% of our collagen every year. When there is a lack of collagen in the body, everything is affected. Not only does the collagen breakdown, but the body loses the ability to make more. Most common signs of loss include wrinkles, fine lines, sagging of skin and loss of elasticity. Age spots, broken capillaries, stretch marks etc. Wounds heal a lot slower and it also leads to weaker tendons, ligaments and bones causing friction, pain and limitation of joint mobility.
Red light therapy in wavelengths between 630 – 660 nanometers, has the ability to penetrate deep within the layers of your skin. The rays then energize the fibroblast that is responsible for creating collagen and is vital for a healthy production of collagen. The red light energizes the fibroblasts instigating this crucial process.
Benefits of increased collagen:
- Skin Rejuvenation
- Less Wrinkles and Eliminates fine lines
- More Glowing, Youthful and Radiant Complexion
- Better Metabolism
- Higher Energy Levels
- Eliminate Sun Damage
- Diminish Pigmentation